What industries are included?
Lantra (the sector skills council) defines this sector as made up of 17 industries that can be clustered into:
The sector is dominated by the agricultural livestock and agricultural crops industries, which account for 54% of businesses in the sector. These industries are by far the largest part of the cluster known as Land management and production. This cluster accounts for 65% of sector businesses. The animal health and welfare cluster accounts for 10% of businesses and the environmental industries account for 16%. The remaining 8% of businesses provide services to agriculture.
Where are they located?
Across the UK, 25% of all businesses are in rural areas. This compares with 87% of businesses in the environmental and land-based sector. Some industries within the sector have more of an urban focus, such as floristry and horticulture, landscaping and sports turf.
Has productivity improved?
Productivity across the agricultural sector has risen steadily since the 1970s as the sector has become more efficient, producing more with less. The sector has increased the value of its outputs by 20% since 1973, despite the workforce falling by 20%.
There are over 1,126,000 people employed in the sector and in environmental and land-based jobs in other sectors. This amounts to 4% of all employment in the UK.
In addition, there are around 500,000 regular volunteer workers across the sector. Voluntary organisations range from large, well established organisations such as the Blue Cross, the RSPCA, the RSPB, the National Trust and BTCV through to smaller, local organisations employing fewer than 10 staff.
96% of businesses in the sector employ less than ten people and around 42% of the workforce is self-employed.
79% of employment within the environmental and land-based sector is full-time, compared with 75% in the UK workforce as a whole. The level of full-time employment varies by nation with Northern Ireland having the highest proportion of full-time workers (87%), and Wales having the lowest (72%).
Since 1997, the number employed in the sector has fallen by 24%, and it is expected that overall employment will continue to decline in future but at a slower rate. Despite this decline, the sector will have a significant need for replacement staff as older workers retire.
Estimates are that it will need to attract at least 110,000 new entrants over the next ten years.
The proportion of workers employed in high-skilled occupations is expected to rise from 16% in 1997 to 23% by 2017. On the other hand, the proportion of workers employed in low-skilled occupations is expected to decrease from 37% in 1997 to 31% by 2017. The reduction in low-skilled occupations has been mainly in England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland while in Wales the proportion has remained almost constant.
Issues to consider
Economic – the sector is heavily influenced by the policies of the government and European Union. Changes in the markets for its products, increased competition and changes in consumer behaviour mean that thinks do not stand still for long.
Climate change – this may well have an increasingly significant effect on the sector. It has the ability to produce sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels and so contribute to the overall reduction in greenhouse gases.
Food security – Businesses need to be able to identify and manage risk as consumers increasingly expect high standards and a wide range of choice of products. This includes the controvertial issue of GM foods.
Animal health and welfare –There have been significant changes in legislation relating to farmed and non-farmed animals which have a bearing on how businesses are run.
Labour supply – The sector has an ageing workforce while the demand for high skill workers will increase. While the expansion of the EU has provided new sources of migrant labour, public concern about the impact of this on jobs for local people is likely to result in more regulation of this labour market.
(accessed Jan 2015)
Apprenticeship Success Rates
The table below shows (in descending order) the training providers for apprenticeships in this sector.
The success rate for completed qualifications is just one of the factors to consider when choosing an apprenticeship. The Skills Funding Agency’s FE Choices site can provide more information including links to Ofsted inspection reports.
|Training Provider||Success rate (%)|
|PRIOR PURSGLOVE COLLEGE||94.1|
|HADDON TRAINING LIMITED||86|
|TRAIN’D UP RAILWAY RESOURCING LIMITED||85.7|
|NORTHERN RACING COLLEGE||83.7|
|SOUTH DEVON COLLEGE||83.3|
|KINGSTON MAURWARD COLLEGE||82|
|POULTEC TRAINING LIMITED||81.8|
|STUBBING COURT TRAINING LIMITED||78.9|
|PROCO NW LIMITED||77.8|
|BISHOP BURTON COLLEGE||75.3|
|THE APPRENTICE SCHOOL CHARITABLE TRUST||72.9|
|HEREFORDSHIRE AND LUDLOW COLLEGE||66.7|
|ST HELENS CHAMBER LIMITED||66.7|
|ASKHAM BRYAN COLLEGE||65.3|
|EASTON AND OTLEY COLLEGE||64.8|
|TOTAL PEOPLE LIMITED||64.7|
|THE SHEFFIELD COLLEGE||64.3|
|NORTH HERTFORDSHIRE COLLEGE||63.6|
|THE COLLEGE OF ANIMAL WELFARE LIMITED||63.2|
|WARWICKSHIRE COLLEGE, ROYAL LEAMINGTON SPA, RUGBY AND MORETON MORRELL||61.1|
|NORTON RADSTOCK COLLEGE||60|
|BROOKSBY MELTON COLLEGE, MELTON MOWBRAY||59.1|
|FARRIERS REGISTRATION COUNCIL||58.5|
|SOUTH ESSEX COLLEGE OF FURTHER AND HIGHER EDUCATION||57.9|
|CAPEL MANOR COLLEGE||57.8|
|SOUTH STAFFORDSHIRE COLLEGE||56.5|
|PROJECT MANAGEMENT (STAFFORDSHIRE) LIMITED||52.9|
|WALFORD AND NORTH SHROPSHIRE COLLEGE||52.6|
|KEITS TRAINING SERVICES LTD||52.3|
|BROADLAND DISTRICT COUNCIL||50|
|LITE (STOCKPORT) LIMITED||50|
|UNIVERSITY OF LINCOLN||50|
|GUILDFORD COLLEGE OF FURTHER AND HIGHER EDUCATION||47.2|
|SPARSHOLT COLLEGE HAMPSHIRE||44.4|
|HEATHERCROFT TRAINING SERVICES LIMITED||40|
|BOURNVILLE COLLEGE OF FURTHER EDUCATION||31.6|
|EAST DURHAM COLLEGE||25|
|THE COLLEGE OF WEST ANGLIA||25|
|BABCOCK TRAINING LIMITED||17.6|
|CENTRAL COLLEGE NOTTINGHAM||12.5|
|JOBWISE TRAINING LIMITED||12.5|
|CITY OF BRISTOL COLLEGE||11.1|
|TBG LEARNING LTD||2|