Job Sector Summary: the agricultural, animal and land-based industries - Careers Advice for Parents and Young People

What industries are included?

Lantra (the sector skills council) defines this sector as made up of 17 industries that can be clustered into:

agricultural, animal and land-based industries


There are 230,000 businesses across the sector which is 9% of all business across the UK.

The sector is dominated by the agricultural livestock and agricultural crops industries, which account for 54% of businesses in the sector. These industries are by far the largest part of the cluster known as  Land management and production.  This cluster accounts for 65% of  sector businesses. The animal health and welfare cluster accounts for 10% of businesses and the environmental industries account for 16%. The remaining 8% of businesses provide services to agriculture.

Where are they located?

Across the UK, 25% of all businesses are in rural areas.  This compares with 87% of businesses in the environmental and land-based sector. Some industries within the sector have more of an urban focus, such as floristry and horticulture, landscaping and sports turf.

Has productivity improved?

Productivity across the agricultural sector has risen steadily since the 1970s as the sector has become more efficient, producing more with less. The sector has increased the value of its outputs by 20% since 1973, despite the workforce  falling by 20%.

Employment

There are over 1,126,000 people employed in the sector and in environmental and land-based jobs in other sectors. This amounts  to 4% of all employment in the UK.

In addition, there are around 500,000 regular volunteer workers across the sector. Voluntary organisations range from large, well established organisations such as the Blue Cross, the RSPCA, the RSPB, the National Trust and BTCV through to smaller, local organisations employing fewer than 10 staff.

96% of businesses in the sector employ less than ten people and around 42% of the workforce is self-employed.

79% of employment within the environmental and land-based sector is full-time, compared with 75% in the UK workforce as a whole. The level of full-time employment varies by nation with Northern Ireland having the highest proportion of full-time workers (87%), and Wales having  the lowest (72%).

Employment trends

Since 1997, the number employed in the sector has fallen by 24%, and it is expected that  overall employment will continue to decline in future but at a slower rate. Despite this decline,  the sector will have a significant need for replacement staff as older workers retire.

Estimates are that it will need to attract at least 110,000 new entrants over the next ten years.

The proportion of workers employed in high-skilled occupations is expected to rise from 16% in 1997  to 23% by 2017.   On the other hand,  the proportion of workers employed in low-skilled occupations is expected to decrease from 37% in 1997  to 31% by 2017. The reduction in low-skilled occupations has been mainly  in England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland while in Wales the proportion has remained almost constant.

Issues to consider

Economic – the sector is heavily influenced by the policies of the government and European Union. Changes in the markets for its products, increased competition and changes in consumer behaviour mean that thinks do not stand still for long.

Climate change – this may well have an increasingly significant effect on the sector. It has the ability to produce sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels and so contribute to the overall reduction in greenhouse gases.

Food security – Businesses need to be able to identify and manage risk as consumers increasingly expect high standards and a wide range of choice of products.  This includes the controvertial issue of GM foods.

Animal health and welfare –There have been significant changes in legislation relating to farmed and non-farmed animals which have a bearing on how businesses are run.

Labour supply – The sector has an ageing workforce while the demand for high skill workers will increase. While the expansion of the EU has provided new sources of migrant labour, public concern about the impact of this on jobs for local people is likely to result in more regulation of this labour market.

Adapted from: Barnes, S. (2010) LMI Future Trends – The agricultural, animal and land-based industries
http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/ier/ngrf/lmifuturetrends/sectorscovered/agriculture/
(accessed Jan 2015)

 

Apprenticeship Success Rates

The table below shows (in descending order) the training providers for apprenticeships in this sector.

The success rate for completed qualifications is just one of the factors to consider when choosing an apprenticeship.  The Skills Funding Agency’s FE Choices site can provide more information including links to Ofsted inspection reports.

 

Training Provider Success rate (%)
BARNSLEY COLLEGE 100
CRAVEN COLLEGE 100
BRITISH ARMY 94.7
PRIOR PURSGLOVE COLLEGE 94.1
NEWCASTLE COLLEGE 91.7
HADDON TRAINING LIMITED 86
TRAIN’D UP RAILWAY RESOURCING LIMITED 85.7
NORTHERN RACING COLLEGE 83.7
OAKLANDS COLLEGE 83.3
SOUTH DEVON COLLEGE 83.3
KINGSTON MAURWARD COLLEGE 82
POULTEC TRAINING LIMITED 81.8
STEPHENSON COLLEGE 81.8
HARLOW COLLEGE 80.6
DART LIMITED 79.7
STUBBING COURT TRAINING LIMITED 78.9
PROCO NW LIMITED 77.8
BISHOP BURTON COLLEGE 75.3
BRIDGWATER COLLEGE 74.2
PLUMPTON COLLEGE 74.1
THE APPRENTICE SCHOOL CHARITABLE TRUST 72.9
CORNWALL COLLEGE 72.4
HADLOW COLLEGE 71.4
HELEN GALLOP 70.6
MYERSCOUGH COLLEGE 69.4
HEREFORDSHIRE AND LUDLOW COLLEGE 66.7
ST HELENS CHAMBER LIMITED 66.7
BICTON COLLEGE 66.3
ASKHAM BRYAN COLLEGE 65.3
EASTON AND OTLEY COLLEGE 64.8
TOTAL PEOPLE LIMITED 64.7
THE SHEFFIELD COLLEGE 64.3
NORTH HERTFORDSHIRE COLLEGE 63.6
THE COLLEGE OF ANIMAL WELFARE LIMITED 63.2
WARWICKSHIRE COLLEGE, ROYAL LEAMINGTON SPA, RUGBY AND MORETON MORRELL 61.1
NORTON RADSTOCK COLLEGE 60
BROOKSBY MELTON COLLEGE, MELTON MOWBRAY 59.1
FARRIERS REGISTRATION COUNCIL 58.5
SOUTH ESSEX COLLEGE OF FURTHER AND HIGHER EDUCATION 57.9
CAPEL MANOR COLLEGE 57.8
REASEHEATH COLLEGE 57.7
SOUTH STAFFORDSHIRE COLLEGE 56.5
WILTSHIRE COLLEGE 56.5
PROJECT MANAGEMENT (STAFFORDSHIRE) LIMITED 52.9
WALFORD AND NORTH SHROPSHIRE COLLEGE 52.6
KEITS TRAINING SERVICES LTD 52.3
BROADLAND DISTRICT COUNCIL 50
LITE (STOCKPORT) LIMITED 50
NORTHUMBERLAND COLLEGE 50
UNIVERSITY OF LINCOLN 50
GUILDFORD COLLEGE OF FURTHER AND HIGHER EDUCATION 47.2
MOULTON COLLEGE 45.2
SPARSHOLT COLLEGE HAMPSHIRE 44.4
CHICHESTER COLLEGE 40
HARTPURY COLLEGE 40
HEATHERCROFT TRAINING SERVICES LIMITED 40
BOURNVILLE COLLEGE OF FURTHER EDUCATION 31.6
EAST DURHAM COLLEGE 25
THE COLLEGE OF WEST ANGLIA 25
BEDFORD COLLEGE 20
BABCOCK TRAINING LIMITED 17.6
COLCHESTER INSTITUTE 15.4
CENTRAL COLLEGE NOTTINGHAM 12.5
JOBWISE TRAINING LIMITED 12.5
CITY OF BRISTOL COLLEGE 11.1
TBG LEARNING LTD 2

 

Source: ‘Apprenticeship: Success Rates in England 2012/13’ (Skills Funding Agency)